Bioenergy means energy production which has been produced from biological sources such as food or wood. Bioenergy can be seen as a renewable energy source. There are several ways to produce bioenergy. One way is to use solid biomass. That is the case when for instance food waste, garden waste and wood are used for energy production. For example sewage waste can also be used for bioenergy production among solid biomass.
This article deals with bioenergy policies in Europe. It gives you information about how EU policies are confronted by local factor. The article also gives you information how EU´s 2020 renewable energy target has affected Finland´s, Germany´s, Norway´s, Estonia´s and France´s energy production and what kind of traits are behind of the development
This website is being produced by the climate guide. This site provides more information on bioenergy use in Finland. First, there is some information about what bioenergy is and how it can be classified into different groups based on fuel types. In addition, there is information on bioenergy’s environmental impacts and how bioenergy can be produced in a sustainable way.
Land use and bioenergy
Although bioenergy is not often competing with food production, there is also agriculture which produces plants for biofuel production. Perhaps the most globally famous cultivated biofuel plant is the oil palm. Oil palm cultivating has caused land-using issues due to rainforest logging. In Finland, one of the most common cultivated bioenergy plant is the oilseed rape.
This PDF-file is made by MOTIVA. First of all, it gives your information of Finland’s energy consumption. However, it also gives you information of Finland´s bioenergy production, for instance ways of transporting energy produced by bioenergy. In the end there is also some information about how wood is being processed for the use of energy production.
Environmental impact of a wood-based bioenergy
Even though wood produced bioenergy can be seen as a renewable energy source, it has its down sides. The key factor to make wood-based bioenergy renewable is to plant new trees to replace the trees which have been logged. The reason for this is that when the trees are been used for energy production they release carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. If new trees will not be planted the carbon dioxide level at the atmosphere will stay higher than before. However, if the same amount of trees are planted that was used for energy production, the production can be seen as carbon neutral even though it takes a long time for the planted trees to absorb all the emitted carbon dioxide.
This video deals with UPM Bioverno biofuel which has been made from pulp residue tall oil. UPM has won a first place on travelling category on year 2014 sustainable Europe energy awards. Check the video and learn more about Bioverno!