Preconditions and tools for social licence to mine (SoLiMi)


This research project aims to clarify and develop the conditions and prerequisites for  obtaining and maintaining a social license to operate an industrial mining enterprise. The operations studied in Finland will primarily be metal and other industrial mineral mines, but experiences and examples will also be drawn from the sand and gravel industry and the stone industry. Through this project the development and strengthening of operation models, as well as cooperation, between local residents, businesses, and public authorities is sought, so that a sustainable prosperity will be ensured throughout the life cycle of a mine.


The three subprojects are:

1. The popular acceptance of mining activities

Examination is to be made of the attitudes of local populations to mining developments? The acceptance of mining activities is studied using surveys conducted in four Finnish regions. Also to be studied are examples of effective national administration of mining developments and any preconditions that local populations may set for mining companies, to guarantee that their actions will be responsible. (to be fulfilled by the University of Jyväskylä)


2. The management and planning of social impacts

What types of social impact management plans have been implemented? What is now required of them, either with regard to the principles of corporate social responsibility in the mining industry, or by the public administration? These questions are to be answered through studies to be done of the types of successful social impact management practices that have been developed by mining companies, by the financial sector funding mining developments, and by extractive industry associations around the world. In addition, in different mining regions (e.g. Australia & Greenland), a review will be made of mining company and financial sector social impact management plans with the successful practices noted.


3. Cooperative and enhancing activities of mining companies with Finnish municipalities

Examination is made of the cooperation and the distribution of work between mining companies and their local municipalities with regard to the development of communities, managing social impacts, providing local housing and services, as well as other interaction. A review will be made of current practices in Finland and a toolkit of effective practices will be created for the different actors in the mining sector, which include local authorities and inhabitants. (to be fulfilled by the University of Eastern Finland)

This project will run from the Spring of 2013 until the Autumn of 2014.

This project is a joint effort of the University of Eastern Finland and the University of Jyväskylä.



University of Jyväskylä:

MSSc Tuija Jartti  and supervising ["The popular acceptance of mining activities"]sub project, Academy Researcher Tapio Litmanen


University of Eastern Finland:

DSc Rauno Sairinen, DSc Tuija Mononen, PhL Jukka Sihvonen, and  MSSc Heidi Tiainen.




Project Funding:

Tekes Green Mining
Talvivaara Mining Company Plc
Dragon Mining
Inmet Mining
Altona Mining
Sotkamo Silver
Regional Council of Lapland
Regional Council of North Karelia