Finnish Mining Communities under Global Transition: Capacities of Local Responses

The main objective of this project is to study the capacities of local responses to global mining activities in Finland. This research tries to capture the local dynamics of mining activities within the changing conditions of globalised mining business.

The research objectives can be divided into four more specific operational tasks: 1) global conditions of mining, 2) local actions and impacts of the mining industry, 3) capacities of community responses, and 4) regulatory conditions for local responses. The methodology of the project is based on four main elements: a) theoretical analysis of the dynamics of social impacts, b) case studies of Finnish mining communities, c) case studies of uranium exploration in Finland, and d) theory of regulation and legal normative analysis of the regulatory conditions for local response in Finland.

There are three objects in this research: the Talvivaara metal mine in Sotkamo, Pampalo gold mine in Ilomantsi and Vaaralampi soapstone mine in Nunnanlahti, Juuka. All the mines are located in eastern Finland. The first metals from the Talvivaara mine were produced in October 2008 and full-scale production started in early 2009. The mine is located in Sotkamo in the region of Kainuu. The Vaaralampi mine is located in the village of Nunnanlahti and it belongs to Tulikivi Plc., which also owns two other soapstone mines in Nunnanlahti. The Pampalo gold mine in Ilomantsi is owned by Endomines Ab. Earlier in the 1990s Outokumpu Mining carried out some test mining of the deposit. The test runs started in Pampalo in November 2010. The Pampalo and Vaaralampi mines both are located in the region of North Karelia.

Responsible leader: Prof. Rauno Sairinen, UEF (rauno.sairinen at

Researchers: DSocSci Tuija Mononen UEF, DSocSci Katja Tervo UEF, DSocSci Tapio Litmanen JyU, Prof. Pekka Jokinen UEF, Dr.AdminSci Ismo Pölönen UEF, DSocSci Simo Häyrynen UEF, M.A. Tuija Jartti JyU

Funded by: Academy of Finland