The research project examines the processes through which forest governance is being transformed. It explores how new multi-scalar forms of forest governance are formed within broad international networks and how the new forms of governance regulation are implemented in the boreal forest belt of the Eurasian North.


The research project seeks to answer the question: how is forest governance designed, negotiated and implemented within constantly changing multi-scalar and multi-sited networks?


The research introduces a setting in which governance generating networks are studied in depth as spatial process through case studies in Finland, Western Central Europe and Russia. These points are conceptualised as nodes of design, forums of negotiation and sites of implementation


Governance generating networks is approached from the perspectives of three actor groups: business enterprises, governments and civil society actors. All of these are assumed to be involved and embedded in the nodes of design, sites of implementation, and forums of negotiation.

The proposed research will focus particularly on forest conflicts and forest certification schemes which are then examined in carefully selected case study locations in Finland, Russia, Germany and the Netherlands.